A guide to visa types in Spain

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A guide to visa types in Spain. Image – MA8/shutterstock

Are you planning to move to sunny Spain, but not sure what type of visa you will need? Following Brexit, moving to Spain has been made increasingly difficult for UK citizens, with many people confused about what kind of documents they will need and which visa to apply for. That’s why the Euro Weekly News has put together this guide to the different types of visas you can apply for and the requirements for each.

Applying for a visa can be a stressful and time-consuming task, especially after the Withdrawal Agreement, with so many documents to prepare, many appointments and various requirements. Third-country nationals, who are now British citizens, need a national visa when they need to stay in Spain for more than 90 days (out of a 180-day period) for the purposes of work, study or of establishing their residence.

There are different types of Spanish visas depending on the purpose of visit, nationality and length of visit. Many nationalities can currently enter without a visa for periods of up to 90 days, including the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Brazil and Japan. Here, we take a look at each type of visa and their eligibility.

business visa

A Schengen business visa is a special type of visa for traveling to the Schengen area for business purposes. Like the tourist visa, it allows visitors to spend up to 90 days (out of any 180 day period) in the Schengen area. Applicants will need to visit an embassy or consulate of the country where they wish to do business to apply for the business visa.

Any businessman from a country that does not have a visa facilitation agreement with the EU needs a Schengen business visa to do business in the area. This includes meeting with customers and attending trade shows, for example.

Work visa in Spain

All eligible persons who wish to work in Spain must apply for this visa. Spain is a wonderful place to live and work, full of culture, history, gastronomy and beautiful beaches – the country is always on the lookout for highly qualified professionals and has a list of trades in short supply.

If you are traveling for business for up to 90 days within a 180-day period, you may be able to perform certain work-related tasks without needing a visa or work permit, such as attending board meetings. business. These are often covered by the Schengen visa waiver.

If you are going for certain types of work, you may need a visa, work permit or residence permit. Most non-EU/EEA citizens need a work permit and must have an employment contract before they can apply for one. British citizens wishing to live and work in Spain after Brexit will also need a residence and work visa.

Student Visa Spain

This is a long-stay visa that allows you to stay in Spain for more than three months and engage in education-related activities. These include whether you are going to follow or extend studies in an approved educational center to obtain an official degree, carry out research or training activities, participate in student exchange programs – public or private – perform non-professional internships or perform voluntary service as a student.

You can apply no earlier than three months before your intended departure to Spain and no later than three weeks before, however, you are recommended to apply at least one month in advance.

Spain Au Pair Visa

You can apply for this visa if you work for a family in Spain, under certain conditions. Au pairs from the UK who will stay less than 90 days in Spain can travel to Spain without a visa. However, it is necessary to have the correct documentation for the duration of the stay in Spain.

For stays longer than 90 days, British au pairs can apply for a student visa. To obtain the student visa, the au pair must enroll in a Spanish course before arriving in Spain (the host family must do this for them) and follow at least 20 hours of lessons per week. The school where the au pair takes the course must be an approved centre.

Golden visa for Spain

This is a residency-by-investment program. You can move to Spain with this visa if you invest a certain amount in real estate. You are eligible to apply for a golden visa if you have proof of having done any of the investment options, you are over 18, you have valid health insurance in Spain, you have sufficient financial means to support your needs and those of your family members, you have a clear criminal history in any of the places where you have resided, you are not on the Spanish list of undesirable persons and you have not previously been refused for a Schengen visa.

If you qualify, there are lawyers and professionals who can help and guide you through the process of obtaining a Golden visa.

Entrepreneur Visa Spain

This is a visa for entrepreneurs who wish to invest in Spain. An entrepreneur visa for Spain is a long-stay visa that allows its holder to live in Spain for more than three months and engage in gainful employment. The visa is intended for entrepreneurs, highly skilled professionals, researchers and workers engaged in business-to-business business transactions.

The Spanish entrepreneur visa allows its holder to live and work in Spain in their area of ​​expertise, favoring candidates exercising professions – or having start-up ideas – in line with the general interest of the Spanish economy.

Depending on your profession and why you are applying for the Spanish Entrepreneur Visa, you can apply for one of the following:

  • Visa for Entrepreneurs and Commercial Activities (REM). This is a visa for investors with a solid business plan and in the general economic interest of Spain. A significant capital investment is required for this type of visa.
  • Visa for Highly Skilled Professionals (TAC). This visa is intended for highly qualified foreigners who have a job offer in Spain in a managerial position, highly qualified personnel of large companies/enterprises and SMEs in certain sectors.

Nonprofit Residence Visa

If you want to immigrate to Spain and you have sufficient income to support yourself and your family/dependents, you can apply for a non-profit residency visa. You can then apply for a two-year residency visa once in Spain.

This visa is categorized as a long-stay visa and the application process is quite similar to other long-stay Spanish visas.

Digital nomad visa
A digital nomad is someone who works on projects or business ventures online and is usually either an entrepreneur or a freelancer who works on his laptop almost anywhere in the world.

A digital nomad is a lot like a freelancer, but not quite the same. A freelancer works for different companies on set terms, however, digital nomads are constantly moving from place to place in search of work opportunities.

If you are going to live and work in Spain for more than 183 days a year, you will be considered a Spanish tax resident.


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